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16 Most Famous Historical Landmarks in the Netherlands

16 Most Famous Historical Landmarks in the Netherlands

The Netherlands is one of the best places to visit in all of Europe and has a ton of hidden gems of experiences throughout this tiny country. These are the most famous historical landmarks in the Netherlands.

The Netherlands is a country located in Northwestern Europe and it has landmarks that date back to thousands of years. It was once part of the Holy Roman Empire, and as such, many landmarks reflect this history.

The Dutch Golden Age began with an economic boom led by trade in Asia, which brought great wealth to The Netherlands. Many landmarks from this period remain today as reminders of how different life was during those times.

Most Famous Landmarks in the Netherlands

1. Keukenhof

Flowers in Keukenhof, Lisse, Netherlands

The Keukenhof is the most beautiful garden in the world. It is located in Holland and has lots of flowers, mostly tulips, which the Netherlands is famous for. This garden is an important example and symbol of Dutch culture.

The garden’s website says that Keukenhof is a popular tourist attraction in the Netherlands. It attracts over 800,000 people every year.

The Keukenhof Gardens is memorable because it has many kinds of flowers. The tulips are the most popular, but there are also other kinds, like hyacinths, daffodils, lilies, roses, carnations, and irises.

Keukenhof is in the “Dune and Bulb Region.” This has a warm climate. Bulbs can stay there all winter. But they only stay until summer comes.

The park is open from mid-March to mid-May, depending on the weather. When all 71 acres are covered with an incredible carpet of 8 million flower bulbs, each representing 800 distinct varieties, this is when you should visit.

According to the official website, there are 7-8 million flowers at Keukenhof each year. You can visit between late August and mid-October for a “dusk-only” experience when only the lights in the park illuminate after dark.

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2. Koppelpoort


The Koppelpoort is a medieval gate in the city of Amersfoort, Utrecht, Netherlands. Between 1425 and 1450, it was part of the second city wall of Amersfoort, which was built during that period.

The second wall was built to the south of the first wall that was constructed in the early 13th Century.

After having been removed, it was reconstructed about 50 years ago, and it is now mainly used as an entrance gate into a small park surrounding the castle Huis te Riviere.

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3. Castle De Haar

Castle De Haar

The De Haar Castle (Dutch: Kasteel de Haar) is located in the Netherlands’ Utrecht. It is the country’s largest castle. It was built in the Middle Ages and was used as a residence until 1926.

The present castle is surrounded by extensive (about 100 ha) landscaped parklands with walking trails that are open to the public.

The castle’s gardens include notable Natal lilies, which bloom during July and August each year.

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4. Begijnhof

Begijnhof, Amsterdam

The Begijnhof is one of the city’s oldest hofjes. It is surrounded by a collection of historic structures, the majority of which are private homes. It was formerly a Béguinage, as its name indicates.

Today, there are two churches in the Houten Huys; one is Catholic and another one is Protestant, making it an important site for Europe’s two largest Christian denominations.

5. Anne Frank House

Anne Frank House

The Anne Frank House is a writing and biographical museum dedicated to Jewish wartime diarist Anne Frank.

The Secret Annex, a 17th Century canal mansion, is near the Westerkerk. Anne Frank hid with her family and four others from the Nazis during the Second World War.

Her father, Otto Frank, was the only one in the group to survive and thus spent his life editing and translating Anne’s diaries to preserve her memory and the experiences of those persecuted by Nazism.

On May 3, 1960, the museum opened its doors. It contains an exhibit about Anne Frank’s life and times as well as a permanent exhibition on all forms of persecution and prejudice.

In the early 1970s, after 10 years of legal battles, the Anne Frank Foundation was established to prevent developers from razing the block.

Check out this amazing YouTube video about other great things to do in Amsterdam.

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6. Royal Palace Amsterdam

Royal Palace Amsterdam

The Royal Palace of Amsterdam, commonly known as the Prince’s House, is one of three palaces in the Netherlands that are at the disposal of the monarch by the Act of Parliament.

The palace is located on the west side of Dam Square in Amsterdam’s city center, adjacent to the War Memorial and next to the New Church.

During Amsterdam’s Golden Age, the building was one of the finest mansions in all of the Netherlands.

The mansion was originally a modest gabled roof structure built by Dirk van der Laan (c. 1615) on the Damstraat, later known as ‘Heere Weg’ (Gentlemen’s Route), in 1631.

7. Dom Tower

Dom Tower of Utrecht

The Dom Tower of Utrecht is the tallest church tower in the Netherlands, standing at 112.5 meters (368 feet). It is regarded as the symbol of Utrecht.

The tower was part of St. Martin’s Cathedral, commonly known as the Dom Church, and was built between 1321 and 1382.

The tower has four observation platforms that provide extensive views of the city for visitors. The first (lowest) platform is only accessible by stairs (there is no elevator or escalator).

The third observation deck may be reached with an elevator, to provide spectacular views of the town.

8. Independence Monument Amsterdam

Between 1935 and 1938, N. Biezeveld erected the National Monument, also known as the Mast Monument or Pylon, to commemorate the Dutch Republic’s independence from Spain in 1579.

The two figures on top of the monument were created by Sculptor J.W. Cremer. Liberty and Justice are his work.

The two figures stand on top of two symbols of the cities of Amsterdam, Delft, and Hertogenbosch.

9. National Park De Hoge Veluwe

A girl on a bike riding the bike path in De Hoge Veluwe national park

The Netherlands boasts one of the most colorful national parks in the world. The country’s largest continuously developed natural reserve is De Hoge Veluwe National Park, which is located in the northwest of the country.

The Kröller/Milter Museum and Museum are two of the park’s highlights, both of which are located at the second-highest hill in the center of the park.

Sand dunes and woods make up a great deal of this national park, which is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the Netherlands.

In fact, approximately 2 million people visit each year to hike, enjoy cycling trails, or just roam through miles and miles of natural beauty.

The best-preserved section of the park comprises an area of dramatic dunes interspersed between heath and forest and interrupted in the south and east by moraines of up to 100 meters high.

It’s also a popular site for wildlife sightings such as several different types of deer species. This national park is also a great spot for birdwatching.

10. Waag

Waag and Canal in Amsterdam

The Waag is one of the most important landmarks in the Netherlands. It was built in 1487 and has remained to be an important landmark throughout time even after centuries. The building used to serve as a guildhall, museum, fire station, and anatomical theatre.

It served many purposes because it’s still standing today. One of the historical purposes that it served was as a hall for merchants who traded in wool.

Another purpose that it served included being a place where people could burn their corpses after death including famous people like Rembrandt.

11. Van Gogh Museum Amsterdam

Van Gogh Museum Amsterdam

The Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam is a five-story building housing the world’s largest collection of works by Vincent van Gogh and other contemporary artists.

It has been recognized as one of the world’s top art museums and attracts thousands of visitors each year.

The permanent collection features over 200 works by Vincent van Gogh and other contemporary painters. The museum features self-guided tours, group or individual guided tours of the current exhibitions.

The Van Gogh Museum continues to be one of the best museums to visit in all of the world.

It’s located nearby several other amazing art museums in Amsterdam at Museumplein (or Museum Square). Other museums to check out include the Rijksmuseum, Stedelijk, and the MOCO Museum.

12. Madurodam

Madurodam, the Hague

Madurodam is one of the most famous landmarks in South Holland and all of the Netherlands.

It is a miniature park and tourist attraction in The Hague with 1:25 scale models of Dutch buildings, historical cities, and large developments across the world.

The Miniature Park was founded in 1952 and has continued to grow ever since. The Park covers about 2.5 hectares (6 acres) of land and has more than a million visitors every year.

13. National Slavery Monument

Closeup of statue
Dutchmen Photography /

The National Slavery Monument is a memorial at the Oude Kerk in Amsterdam to commemorate the millions of innocent victims of slavery. It was unveiled on July 1, 2002, by Her Majesty Queen Beatrix.

The monument is dedicated to the memory of all tens of thousands of Dutch people who were killed or otherwise sacrificed their lives while being held in slave-like conditions in the Dutch colonies.

As well as tragic losses tens of thousands suffered while being enslaved or while resisting slavery, there are also tens of thousands who were freed thanks to their resistance.

The monument also honors the numerous contributions that these heroes have made for Dutch society following their emancipation.

14. Rijksmuseum Amsterdam

Rijksmuseum Amsterdam

The Rijksmuseum of Amsterdam in Museumplein (Museum Square) has collected rare art and antiquities since 1809. This is considered the National Museum of the Netherlands and is one of the most iconic landmarks in Northern Europe.

Exploring the museum is among the best things to do in Amsterdam.

The Rijksmuseum is one of the most famous landmarks in the Netherlands. This museum has collected art since 1809 and contains 5,000 paintings spread across 250 rooms. It is considered one of the world’s most famous museums.

This beautiful building is just as beautiful on the inside. The way the artworks and objects are displayed is truly remarkable.

Some of the landmarks inside include Rembrandt’s Nightwatch and Leonardo da Vinci’s The Milkmaid (in which he drew a self-portrait).

This museum is a must-see for all art lovers.

15. Kinderdijk Windmills

Kinderdijk Windmills

The Netherlands is home to a plethora of magnificent buildings. However, the amazing windmills at Kinderdijk, which have been standing since 1892, should unquestionably be mentioned first.

They were finished as part of a larger project during their time by Dutch Waterline Management. This is an iconic landmark of famous windmills that I’m sure you’ve seen pictures of them in every piece of Dutch tourist literature.

They were built as part of a standard project for this time by Dutch Waterline Management. The windmills are a UNESCO World Heritage Site and have received seven stars from the Michelin Green Guide.

16. I Amsterdam Sign

I Amsterdam Sign

The I Amsterdam sign is a prominent advertising slogan and monument in the city of Amsterdam. The letters are 4 meters (13 ft) tall, illuminated by LED lights at night, with the first I having a height of 9 meters (30 ft).

The sign was installed in 2007 in the Melkweg area between Central Station and Amsterdam North, next to the quarter’s riverside park. It faces northwards towards the affluent “North” quarter.

The original location was close to one end of the viaduct near Central Station, but this proved too central and too accessible for climbing. The letters were designed by John Maas and Rob van Kranenburg, and Adriaan Rees constructed the sign.

The sign was cast in metal and plated with thousands of glass reflectors by reflector company Zeeuws Measuurwerk as the final step in the construction of the sign.

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The Netherlands’ landmarks are a crucial part of Dutch history and culture. They span ancient to modern times, with many functions over the years.

The Dom Tower was formerly a church but is now utilized as an observation deck offering spectacular views.

The Burcht van Leiden was built in the 11th Century and has served as a military fortification or gateway into Amsterdam for centuries before becoming public parkland.

There’s also Madurodam, which features 1:25 scale models of famous landmarks across the world, including Utrecht City Hall and I Amsterdam sign!

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What are the Netherlands ‘ most famous landmarks?

The Netherlands is renowned for the beauty of its landmarks. The country has an impressive series of canals, including Amsterdam’s famous canal belt that once infamously doubled as a moat during the Siege of Leiden (1574).

This long line of fortification is in addition to several larger-scale landmarks in Holland, including Madurodam – a miniature park in Rotterdam with hundreds of meticulously scaled versions and perfect replicas stretching for more than 40 acres.
The vast Delft Blue pottery is another Dutch masterpiece worth two hours’ time at least per outpost.

Thousands of years ago, when sea-based trade came into being, traders would set their cargo on large boards after coming ashore. This is how delft was born.

What is a landmark of the Netherlands?

The Amsterdams: The most famous landmarks in Europe and the Netherlands would have to be the three iconic buildings of Amsterdam: The Royal Palace, Nieuwe Kerk, and Oude Kerk.

These landmarks are all located in close proximity to one another and also happen to be many centuries old with their primary architectural styles being Gothic, Baroque and Renaissance respectively.

What is an important geographic landmark in the Netherlands?

One of the most well-known landmarks in Holland is Amsterdam’s Anne Frank House. The house opened to the public in 1960, just one year after she died.
It’s located on Prinsengracht 263, where she lived for two years with her family until they went into hiding during World War II.

The house where Annie spent 178 days hidden from Nazi persecution has been preserved as a testament to human willpower, endurance, and dignity.

What is Dutch famous for?

The Netherlands is famous for landmarks like Amsterdam’s tulip fields, the windmills of Kinderdijk (both UNESCO World Heritage sites), De Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam (one of the largest art museums in Europe).

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